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One the most imperative and confusing responsibilities in caring for your puppy is making sure he gets the right vaccines at the right time. There is controversy nowadays about whether or not adult dogs need every vaccine every year (except for Rabies which is required). But with puppies, getting their rounds of vaccines is crucial.

For instance, if a puppy catches Parvo, he has less than a 20% chance of recovery. So, put your pup's vaccine dates on your schedule and send yourself reminders.

This tip has a list of necessary vaccines for the first round and further tips will cover the next two rounds. Vets and local laws differ a bit about exactly what to give when so use these tips as guidelines and follow your vet's advice. The vaccines to give at this age are 1. Distemper 2. Parvo 3. Corona and 4. Bordatella.

There are rarely side effects to vaccines but there are a few serious ones that you should look out for:

  1. Swelling of face, neck, head or body.
  2. Loss of consciousness.
  3. Seizures.
  4. Hives, or large swellings anywhere on the body.
  5. Difficulty breathing.
  6. Disorientation or poor co-ordination.

It is important to keep your puppy from any situation with multiple dogs or unknown dogs until he's had his third round of boosters. At the least, keep him away from other canines for five days after his vaccines, as it takes that long for them to start working. Ignoring this rule could expose your puppy to something like the aforementioned Parvo and have deadly consequences.

While it's tough to make all those vet appointments with a new puppy, just think of it as insurance against illness and assurance of a healthy puppy.


It may seem like yesterday when you took your pup in for his first round of vaccines but it's time again to make a trip to the vet. The second round of vaccines is as important as the first. Your puppy needs the full three rounds to ensure he is safe against illnesses such as Distemper, which is often fatal. If your puppy does get Distemper, excellent vet care is essential and signs of neurological control such as seizures are hopeful indications of a recovery. But better to get to the vet now than take a chance.

In the second round of vaccines, your pup is less likely to develop serious side effects. However, be on the lookout for lesser side effects such as:

  1. Shaking
  2. Vomiting
  3. Diarrhea

Call your vet if any of these last more than 24 hours. The vaccines your puppy should be getting are:

  • Distemper
  • Parvo
  • Corona

Always follow your vet's guidelines, as different localities have different schedules. And remember to keep your puppy away from other dogs for at least five days and preferably until after the third round of vaccines. This is a great time for puppies to socialize with new humans, however, in order to keep them open to new beings in their environment.

This is also the time to start worm checks and to start Heartworm prevention. You can help your vet by looking for worms in your puppy's stool. Do not start Heartworm prevention without talking to your vet. It is important that a Heartworm test be done first and that the correct dose is given to your pup. You're well on your way to having a healthy puppy!


Once again it's time to get your puppy to the vet for his vaccinations. The good news is this is the last round of puppy vaccines. Unless you have some problems, you can stay out of that sterile waiting room for months. It is essential to finish his vaccines with this round because, if you don't, you're undoing all the good the first two rounds provided. One of the biggest misconceptions is that one booster is adequate when, in fact, your puppy is not fully protected until all rounds are finished.


Opinions vary on when this vaccine should be administered, please check with your veterinarian. Personally, I would give it separately after the last round of puppy vaccinations.

Why it's not a good idea to get litter mates.

Health Issues Linked to Spaying and Neutering Dogs.

The results of a recent study were a blow to those who vehemently defend spay/neuter. But this latest study is just the most recent of a long line of research proving what should be obvious: that removing a quarter of the dog's endocrine system might not be a very good idea. Here are the three most important reasons you should reconsider spay/neuter.

Health Issues Linked to Spaying and Neutering Dogs

Discover why Dr. Karen Becker had a change of heart about sterilization of shelter...


A dog's normal temperature is 99.5 - 102.2 F

A dogs pulse is 60-120 beats a minute

Respiration - 14-22 breaths per minute

What To Do If Your Dog Gets Lost

By Mary Meador

Signs, you'll want to put up lots of signs in your surrounding area. Divide sheets of poster board into four

sections. Keep your message brief (Lost Golden Retriever male/female, light gold, etc.). Write in large block

letters so the sign will be easy to read and add the word "REWARD" and a number where you can be reached. Slip the signs into large Zip Loc baggies (2 gal) so they will be weather proof. When you are placing the signs, remember they they will most likely be read from a passing car so put them at eye level from that perspective. 

Recruit some friends to walk the neighborhood (remember that someone needs to be home to answer the phone) and ask if the dog has been seen. Kids are great because they are most likely to be on foot and probably know the good hiding places. Talk to as many as you can, describe your dog and tell them about the reward (the amount doesn't have to be large) and give them your number.

f your dog hasn't strayed too far, the above will probably reunite you with your wandering companion. If, by the

second day, he/she is still missing you'll want to launch a second "attack." 

Place and ad in the newspaper describing the vicinity where the dog was lost, give a brief description and a phone number. Also be sure and check the lost and found to see if your pet has been picked up by someone.

Use a good picture of your dog (if you don't have one, be sure to take one and put it in a place where you can

easily find it) and have some reward posters printed. Take the handouts to local shopping centers and post them

(with the merchants approval) in shop windows. Try and place some of them by cash registers so that people can get one when they are checking out. 

Alert area vets and rescue groups about your missing pet. Also check to see if there are organizations that

specialize in reuniting lost pets with owners. Walk the area animal shelters. Physically checking the shelters is much better than simply calling because shelter workers are often overworked and may not realize your dog is there or they may be unfamiliar with your breed.


What happens when - how your puppy changes and develops

Be prepared!

7 Reasons Dogs Develop Behavior Problems

7 Reasons Dogs Develop Behavior Problems

by Vet Depot on August 19, 2015

Next time you find yourself saying the words “bad dog,” you might want to take a step back and think about what’s really behind that undesirable behavior. Dogs exhibit “bad” behavior for a variety of reasons, from lack of exercise to health issues, and addressing the root cause of the issue can help. Below are seven reasons dogs develop behavior problems:

1. Lack of Exercise: A tired dog is usually a happy dog, and one that’s less likely to chew up your shoes or bark at the mailman. A lot of owners don’t realize that a stroll around the block isn’t enough physical stimulation to ward of problem behavior. A run, an afternoon at doggy daycare, or a game of fetch is necessary for many dogs to get the proper amount of exercise. Speak with your vet about the right amount of physical activity for your individual dog.

2. Lack of Mental Stimulation: Just as crucial as physical activity, dogs need mental activity to keep them at their best behavior. Work on some training or try a food puzzle toy to ensure balanced mental health and help deter unwanted behavior.

3. Health Problems: If your dog starts displaying an uncharacteristic problem behavior, like aggression or using the bathroom indoors, it’s very possible that a health issue could be to blame. Any painful condition, from arthritis to an ear infection, can cause a dog to act out aggressively. A urinary tract infection could be the culprit for your dog’s sudden inability to hold it while you’re away. Be sure to discuss any sudden changes in behavior with your vet to rule out possible health issues.

4. Inconsistency: If you let your dog jump up on you in your everyday clothes, but scold him when you’re dressed up, this sends an unclear message. Inconsistency can also come in the form of everyone in the household not being on the same page about the rules. To ensure inconstancy doesn’t hinder your pup’s good behavior, work on training on a regular basis and be sure that the whole family is in agreement about expectations.

5. Lack of Socialization: Not having enough experience with other people, animals, and experiences outside of the home can result in fearful or aggressive behavior. Puppies should be exposed to a variety of experiences at a young age to develop healthy social skills. If you’re adopting an adult dog, speak with the shelter staff to determine what kind of training and exposure is recommended (many adoptable dogs have great social skills, while other may need a little work).

 6. Disruption of Routine: Changes in routine can cause canine stress, which can lead to undesirable behaviors as a coping mechanism. Whenever something major happens in your household, whether it be a new four-legged addition or a move, keep your pet’s wellbeing in mind. Stick to your dog’s regular feeding and walking routine, offer comfort items like toys and and a soft bed, and be sure to spend a lot of quality time together to help combat anxiety.

7. Genetics: Although proper training and socialization can help curb some genetic traits, some breeds are just more prone to certain behaviors than others. For example, terriers are more likely to try to chase that neighborhood cat because of their prey instinct, and hounds are likely to express themselves by howling. While these aren’t necessarily negatives and training can definitely help, potential owners should do their research about a breed’s behavior quirks before bringing a new pet home.

Worm and Parasite Issues with the Boxer Dog

Aspiration Pneumonia

Aspiration Pneumonia

Please read this article - it could save your Boxers life.

Believe it or not, a quite common cause of aspiration pneumonia is faulty administration of liquid medication either administered by drench (drench is when a stomach tube is passed down the back of the throat), or by a dose syringe. Any liquid that's given via syringe, whether medication or food, must not be given any faster than the animal can swallow, or the risk of aspiration pneumonia becomes very real.



DANGEROUS “people food” You Do Not Feed To Your Pets:

Some foods dogs should not eat and could be deadly-

If your dog has ingested any of these foods, get veterinary help immediately. If your vet doesn’t feel it’s a worry and says JUST TO WATCH THEM I would invest the money and call the ASPCA Poison Hotline -(888) 426-4435. A $55 consultation fee may be applied to your credit card. It’s the best investment I’ve personally made as my vet said not to worry just watch my dog overnight. Had I listened to my vet instead of my GUT feeling my dog would be dead now. Another person I know told me that her dog ate a few raisins. She called her vet who said, give some Maalox and it should be fine tomorrow. They went to bed and found the dog DEAD the next morning. Don’t take that chance! Stand up to your vet and if they won’t do something, find one who will.

Grapes and Raisins: Grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. As little as a single serving of raisins can kill a dog.

Onions: Onions destroy red blood cells and can cause anemia.

Chocolate: Chocolate can cause seizures, coma and death. Baker’s chocolate is the most dangerous. A dog can consume milk chocolate and appear to be fine because it is not as concentrated, but it is still dangerous.

Coffee, Coffee grounds, tea and tea bags: Drinks/foods containing caffeine cause many of the same symptoms chocolate causes

Macadamia Nuts and Walnuts: Macadamia nuts can cause weakness, muscle tremor and paralysis. Limit all other nuts as they are not good for dogs in general, their high phosphorous content is said to possibly lead to bladder stones. Exception to this rule seems to be PEANUT BUTTER. However- always use Salt/Sugar free ORGANIC Peanut butter (sugar encourages cancer growth) free . Use only ORGANIC peanut butter as regular peanut butter has lots of toxins and is full of pesticides!

Animal fat and fried foods: Excessive fat can cause pancreatitis.

Bones: Cooked bones can splinter and damage a dog’s internal organs. Raw Bone should always be supervised as a piece can always break off and cause problems. Try frozen oxtails,soup bones or frozen knuckle bones then take the bone away before the dog can swallow a final small piece whole. It’s a good natural way to clean teeth too.

Tomatoes: Tomatoes can cause tremors and heart arrhythmias. Tomato plants and the most toxic, but tomatoes themselves are also unsafe.

Avocados: The fruit, pit and plant are all toxic. They can cause difficulty breathing and fluid accumulation in the chest, abdomen and heart.

Nutmeg: Nutmeg can cause tremors, seizures and death

Apples, Cherries, Peaches PITS and similar fruit are great for your dog – HOWEVER, the seeds of these fruits contain cyanide, which is poisonous to dogs as well as humans. Unlike humans, dogs do not know to stop eating20at the core/pit and easily ingest them. It can also become lodged in the intestines and kill the dog in 24 hours with no warning.

Raw eggs: Raw eggs can cause salmonella poisoning in dogs. Dogs have a shorter digestive tract than humans and are not as likely to suffer from food poisoning, but it is still possible. BEST to use ORGANIC EGGS if you do raw. Scrambled lightly is best!

Salt: Excessive salt intake can cause kidney problems.

Mushrooms: Can be deadly- never let your pets chew on mushrooms found in your yard. Only safe “food” mushrooms are shitaki, maitake and reishi.

Xylitol: even a small amount can cause liver failure and death. Read more at here and in this article at

Sugar and Corn Syrups. EVEN ORGANIC IS BAD! (this does not include Honey or Molasses though they should only be in small amounts and never for cancer dogs)

Read more at the ASPCA website

Food that most dogs can eat:

Some “human” foods are good for dogs. Most of these are healthier than the boxed treats you buy in the grocery store. . This is just a small list of examples of foods dogs can eat, not a list of every food they should eat. Dogs won’t necessarily get all the nutrients they need if they eat these foods exclusively, so check with your veterinarian if you are interested in feeding your dog a home cooked diet.

Any food that causes stomach upsets or digestive problems in your dogs should be avoided. Like people, some dogs cannot tolerate certain foods


Meats should be boneless and it’s best if the skin is removed. Some people like a RAW diet. Some people rather cook. If you cook meat do not over cook. Keep it ‘rare’ so you don’t kill the enzymes. ESPECIALLY FOR SICK animals. However all Fish and Pork must be well cooked. Also note – totally Raw and cooked diets should never be mixed at the same meal as they digest differently.

Skinless, boneless chicken breast

Skinless, boneless turkey breast

Fish: do not feed TUNA as high mercury content – be careful of small bones.

Do not feed ‘cold cuts’. They are high in salt and nitrates. Can lead to kidney and digestive problems.

What’s GOOD for your Dog?

Vegetables most are GREAT for your dog and they should have them!

Dogs have shorter digestive tracts than humans and cannot digest most vegetables whole or in large chunks. It’s best to put them through a food processor before giving them to your dog- best veggies for your dog are:

Carrots (for healthy dogs) (not for cancer dogs though as high in sugar)

Green Beans




Grains should not be given in large amounts or make up a large part of a dog’s diet, but these foods are generally safe in small amounts


Bread (not white breads or anything sugar or that converts to sugar) remember the simple rule feed no WHITE colored foods!

Dairy products

Use caution with dairy products as they are high in fat and can cause pancreatitis, gas and diarrhea. Usually, nonfat plain yogurt is safe in small amounts as is cottage cheese in small amounts.

Over exercising your puppy

Over exercising your puppy (Author unknown)

A Boxer Puppy's skeleton isn't completely mature until at least 18 months of age. The bones' growth plates fuse sometimes in the tenth month, but then the bones undergo a lot of remodeling-the structure changes as the bones adapt to the stresses put on them. 

While the bones are growing, it is not safe to over exercise your puppy. It is important that you bring your puppy outside at an early age to get him/her used to all the smells and sounds. But it is also important not to do any permanent damage to the puppy's growing skeleton. When you damage the skeleton, joint problems may result. Such problems are painful and may result in lameness. 

Growing puppies need to get plenty of rest, the right food, lots of love and gentle exercise. Playing in the yard and a gentle walk to the end of the street and back is more than enough exercise for a young puppy. Remember to stop all activities and let your puppy rest as soon as he/she shows signs of tiring. Young bones and joints can be damaged by overly strenuous exercise, with problems sometimes only becoming apparent as the dog matures. 

To understand why we say this, we need to have a very quick look at bone/joint growth and development in puppies. 

.Puppies bones aren't fully formed and hardened until at least 18 months old.

.Until the bones have fully formed - the hip, elbow, and limb joints will not fully set.

.Until the setting takes place any over exercise of these joints will result in a loose and irregular and final fit.

.Even though both parents may have excellent hip scores, it’s still very possible for a puppy to develop hip dysplasia - caused by over exercise.

.There's no real cure for dysplasia and at best it will result in early arthritis which is an irreversible condition and is very painful. 

Bones should eventually become tough and strong structures able to support the weight and normal functioning of the animal they belong to, but they are not that way while they are growing! During growth, bones/joints are relatively soft, fragile and highly vulnerable to physical trauma. Excessive exercise or any stresses that are too great for a young puppy will cause the bones/joints to become misshapen, deformed and painful. The trauma that bones/joints can experience from excessive "simple walking" can result in minute fractures in the cartilage, blood loss to the joint and the growth plate. This produces a wide range of orthopedic diseases including dysplasia, osteochodritis and DJD. 

What amount of exercise is safe: 

There aren't any scientific studies to determine where exactly to draw the line between a good amount of exercise and over exercise. One jump or a single 40 minute hike for a 10 month old is probably reasonably safe and may be impossible to avoid. But the more consistently you go beyond the guidelines, the greater the chances of injury. We suggest the following guidelines for exercise until your Boxer reaches 18 months of age. These are only guidelines for healthy puppies - as always be aware of the risks and use your own judgment. 


To determine how much your puppy is allowed to walk on a leash, multiply his age in months by five. The resulting number is how many minutes per day your puppy can do walks on a leash and this works for puppies from 3 to 12 months old.

An 8 week old puppy is not allowed any leash walks.

A 3 month old puppy will be allowed 15 minutes a day, and a 10 month old - 50 minutes.

A 12 - 18 month old Boxer should be allowed a maximum of one hour leash walking/per day.

Don't walk your puppy for more than the recommended number of minutes a day. What you’re trying to minimize is the stress of repeatedly jarring the joints.

At 3 months, start daily walks on a "non-extending" lead and on a good firm surface such as the ground, grass, sand road, but not asphalt, concrete, or ice, for 15 minutes a day, gradually building up the time of the exercise to, at 6 months about 30 minutes per day. This provides an opportunity to introduce your dog to the outside world of traffic, people and the general noises of everyday life. If walking in the park, drive or carry your puppy to and from the park. 


It is not a good idea to ride your bicycle or roller blades and expect your puppy to follow alongside until at least 18 months old! 

Eating Exercise

Providing your puppy with a raw meaty non-splitting bone (no Rawhides Please) to chew on several times a week is an essential part of developing puppy's bones and muscles to be strong and his joints to be tight. Eating exercise provides isometric exercise for every muscle in the body and stresses the bones/joints in a very healthy way. 


Playing tug-of-war is a wonderful way to exercise your Boxer puppy as long as he/she does not become tired. You should always stop when your puppy is still asking for more. For future Schutzhund dogs, make sure your puppy wins every time. For puppies that are family pets, make the puppy sit and release the tug on command when done playing - you should win every time. Exchanging the tug for a treat is a good way to accomplish this. 

Playing Fetch

Fetching is OK, within reason. For example, you wouldn't want to throw an object over 20 meters, 10 times in a row for your puppy to retrieve. We know a lot of Boxers have fun chasing balls. It is ok to play ball with a couple of rules.

Don't make it the only or the major exercise your dog has.

Always play carefully and on a safe surface - soft grass without holes or dips.

Be careful of heatstroke, even in winter.

For a puppy less than 6 months old roll the ball on the ground instead of throwing.

From 6 months on throw the ball as far as you can, so there is more running and less scrambling over the ball.

Use a frisbee only with caution and throw them low. It is best to avoid frisbees altogether until 12 months old.

Time guidelines: No fetching before 3 months old, between 3 to 12 months old multiply the age of the puppy in months by two, the resulting number is the number of minutes your puppy is allowed to play fetch per day over several sessions. 

Playing with other puppies

Wrestling and play-fighting with other puppies of similar age and size is very beneficial and can be safely allowed. 


A puppy under 8 months old should not ever be allowed to jump beyond his carpus height. From 8 months old a puppy is allowed to jump up to his elbow height. Jumping and twisting games must be avoided altogether until 18 months old. 

Free running

This is an excellent exercise for your puppy and he/she can be allowed to do as much free running as he/she wants providing there are no older dogs, children or adults that persuade the puppy to keep up with them! 


Swimming is excellent exercise- just be careful about how the puppy gets in and out of the water. Steep, muddy banks are definitely not good. On a sunny day and if the water is warm, you can allow your 6 month old or older puppy to stay in the water for as much as he/she wants. Do not have him retrieve a toy from the water by repeatedly throwing it in. Never allow your dog to remain cold, wet, or tired after a swim or even walk in the rain. Towel dry the best you can. 


 It is definitely a good and safe exercise to teach your puppy to track. Start with simple "find the treat" games and do not progress onto long difficult tracks until at least 12 months old. For working prospects, follow the advice of your trainer, but do not do tracks that are too long. 

Additional important notes: 

No Forced exercise before 6months of age! Right after 6 months, most of the puppy’s exercise would need to be strength exercises.

Leave any type of endurance exercise for until after 18 months old. 

Don't let an adult dog or human set the pace for a puppy! You don't want to force your puppy to keep up to you or his older buddy beyond the point of what hurts him. Since boxers are so eager to please their human master and just loves other canine members of their family, the puppy will try his best to keep up, even if running makes him sore. Never allow your puppy uncontrolled free running with an older dog! By all means let them meet and play for 5-10 minutes, but keep the puppy within the pen or a small confined area in the yard under your ever watchful eye. Please do your best to explain to your children that they should not be engaging the puppy in chasing or fetching games and do be around a lot to make sure they follow your request. 

IF possible don't allow your puppy to jump up or down from the back of the car! Put on his/her leash and then lift him out. 

No Stairs! Obviously, most puppies must get used to going up and down stairs. But don't have extended play periods where your puppy is chasing people, cat or another dog up and down stairs. Avoid stairs- there's nothing worse for a puppy’s hips/elbows than allowing it to run up and down. If you want the young pup upstairs, carry it up. Do not ever let him climb up no matter how cute he might look when doing it. 

Listen to your puppy! When out exercising. if your puppy stops and sits down, you have certainly overdone the exercise, and the puppy will need to be carried home. Your goal should be to get your puppy some exercise with him still ending bouncy and full of himself, not tired and dragging. 

No exercise after eating! Never allow your puppy to have vigorous exercise just before or after a meal - it could be fatal for your dog! 

Sondylosis warning! Many agility instructors suggest that you don't teach a puppy to weave poles until 18 months, since the side to side motion puts stress on the back and spine. Additionally, avoid games where your puppy repeatedly twists his spine. 

Let them be puppies! For those owners who plan on doing competitive sports with their Boxers - what is seen in dogs pushed too hard physically when they are too young is that it's really difficult to keep them motivated as they get older. Most of this is because they are not as sound as they would have been had they been brought along at a healthier pace, and some is from trying to instill a work ethic into a youngster who needs to be learning to enjoy life. There is a lot that goes on in a dog's body that they don't tell us about. Little aches and pains, and maybe the occasional sprain or strain, or the beginnings of arthritis developing, etc. You should be letting their bodies develop before training intensively or competing. 

Dewclaws! If you are planning on doing any sports with your puppy ask your breeder not to have his/her dewclaws removed. The best evidence for leaving dewclaws intact is right there in every dog anatomy book. the dewclaw is attached to FIVE TENDONS. Tendons are attached to muscles or muscle bundles. SO that is five muscle bundles in the leg that will atrophy (shrink from not being used) once the dewclaw is cut. Additional evidence comes from the fact that working dogs will get grass and dirt stuck in the dewclaws, indicating that they are being used, and from photos showing the dog's foot on the ground and the dewclaw dug into the ground. The pressures on the dog's foot are the same, but if there is no dewclaw there to grip the ground, the pressures will go to the elbow, the other toes, the wrist, and the shoulder, possibly causing unsoundness and arthritis later on. Gratefully, most Boxer breeders in Europe recognize the important function of dewclaws and don't remove them. 


The importance of being careful when administering exercise to your Boxer puppy cannot be overstressed enough, especially for that first year! The bones of your puppy must become a support and movement system which will serve him well for the rest of his life. Their initial fragility means that the only reliable and healthy forms of exercise a pup should have until his bones are mature are eating exercise, short walks, free running and play. 

A puppy should never be allowed to become fat or to be exercised or walked or run until exhaustion. As the puppy gets older, he will be more able to cope with longer exercise periods. Hold him/her back, if necessary, and do not let his drives overcome your common sense. 

Moderation is the key, and if you are careful with that young puppy, then at 18-24 months your dog should be healthy, fully developed, and, with proper training, will happily travel much further than you'd dream of and come back for more!

As for exercising your adult dog, there's an old saying "if your dog is overweight - you are not getting enough exercise!" 

Toxic Plants

Toxic Indoor plants


Arrowhead Vine


Bird of Paradise



Creeping Charlie

Crown of Thorns

Devils Lily


Elephant's Ear

Emerald Duke

Fern, Asparagus

Fern, Sprangeri

Fig, creeping

Fig, weeping

Ivy, Boston

Ivy, Parlor

Ivy, Nephthytis

Jac in the Pulpit

Jerusalem cherry

Lily, calia

Lily, Peace

Majestic Malagna

Margle Queen

Mother in law plant





Red Princess

Tuberous Begonia

Umbrella Plant

Some of the plants to be aware of are:

Azalea ( Rhododendron spp.) - all parts of this plant is toxic. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, breathing difficulty, and coma. Fortunately this plant has a bitter and highly unpleasant taste possibly limiting any chewing activity by animals.

Cherry ( Prunus spp. ) - the leaves, bark and seeds of this plant are toxic. Symptoms include gasping, and nervous disorders.

Honeysuckle ( Lonicera japonica ) and Japanese Trumpet ( Lonicera sempervirens ) - all parts of these plants are toxic. Symptoms include irregular heartbeat, respiratory failure and coma.

Lilies ( Zephyranthus spp.) - All parts of this plant are toxic. Symptoms include dizziness, stomach pain, collapse and can be fatal to certain livestock.

Oleander ( Nerium oleander L. ) - One of the most toxic plants in the South East. All parts are toxic. Symptoms include dizziness, convulsions, nausea and death.

Yew ( Taxus spp. ) - This plant is extremely toxic and the animal needs to eat only one tenth of one percent of its body weight to get a toxic dose. For example a 50 pound dog would need only 0.05 pounds or less than 2 ounces of the plant to get a potentially fatal dose. Both foliage and berries are toxic. Foliage more toxic than the berries. Death can be sudden without any symptoms.

Cocoa: This includes mulch.



Almond (pits of)

Aloe Vera



Apple (seeds)

Apple Leaf Croton

Apricot (Pits of)


Asparagus Fern

Autumn Crocus

Avocado (fruit & pit)



Baby's Breath






Bird of Paradise


Black-eyed Susan

Black Locust

Bleeding Heart





Branching Ivy


Buddhist Pine

Burning Bush



Cactus, Candelabra


Castor Bean


Charming Dieffenbachia

Cherry (pits, seeds, & wilting leaves)

Cherry, most wild varieties

Cherry, ground

Cherry, Laurel


Chinese Evergreen

Christmas Rose